Analysis of the Profitability of Paddy Cultivation in West Bengal of India :A Field Survey based Study
Agriculture is a conduit of livelihood for large part of population in developing countries like India. Agricultural sector in these countries contribute a sizeable portion of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Rice is the most vital crop of Indiaand it occupies 23.3 per cent of gross cropped area of the country. Among the rice growing countries in the world, Indiahas the largest paddy output in the world and is also the fourth largest exporter of rice in the world. The objective of the present survey based study is to present a snapshot of Indian paddy cultivation and to analyze the overall operational pattern of the selected farmers of Shyampur area of Howrahdistrict, West Bengal, India. The study ultimately tries to find out the profitability of the selected farmers. It has been observed from the study that all the farmers under our study need not to have to possess their own land, rather they can also take the land on tenancy basis and temporary or marginal farmers earn their livelihood by cultivating leasehold land. Rabi crop producers have to incur more expenses than kharif crop production. This is due to more application of fertilizers and huge irrigational or watering expenses. Kharif yield in terms of paddy production in quintal per bigha is comparatively lower than Rabi crop production in each case under our study. As yield of Rabi crops in terms of paddy production in quintal per bigha is more than the production of kharif crops, the revenue of rabi is definitely higher than the kharif.It has been also found from the result that rabi crop production is more profitable than kharif crop production. Cultivators should be apprised about the advanced production technology through extension activities for better production so that quality standards can be maintained to contest those of International markets.
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