Agricultural Water Management Policies under Scarcities In West bank and Gaza strip, Palestine

yahya H istaitih

Abstract


The big environmental challenge that the West bank and Gaza strip (WBG) are facing after the Israel occupation, is the scarcity of water. (WBG) has acute water shortage as a result of Israeli water politics which was based on the goal of usurping and controlling Palestinian lands and resources. The use of water for agricultural production in water-scarce regions requires more innovation and scientific research to raise benefit of every drop of water. Study aiming to identify the main methods, techniques and suggestion some policies for facing water scarcity, then recommending different methods will contribute in development of the Palestinian agricultural sector, by identifying more efficient policies of water resources management, by using: 1. Grey Water (GW) technique adoption using in both domestic and national levels which forming the main part of waste water using. 2. Water harvesting (WH) for collecting rainwater from rooftops, land surfaces, road surfaces and greenhouse. 3. Water pricing which plays two main roles: the financial role is a mechanism for recovering the investment, and the economic role of signaling to the scarcity value and the opportunity cost of water, by suggesting the new system of pricing according to the sectors priority. Study conclusions to increase people awareness about adoption these techniques, submitting results to policy makers, water specialist and all partners in national and international organizations, to cope with the crisis of renewable, in addition of suggesting tools and methods depending on national program working under the frame of  national water policy.


Keywords


water; water politics; water management; Grey water; water harvesting; water pricing

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References


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